The Rise and Fall of Pompey the Great in Ancient Rome

TLDR Gnaeus Pompeius, also known as Pompey the Great, played a significant role in the events leading up to the fall of the Roman Republic. He rose to prominence through military victories, alliances, and marriages, but ultimately met his demise in Egypt at the hands of a Roman mercenary.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 Gnaeus Pompeius was a significant player in the events leading up to the fall of the Roman Republic, but he was not the lead.
02:14 Pompey, born in 106 BC, rose to prominence during the Social War and the civil war led by Sulla, earning the nickname "Pompey the Great."
04:18 Pompey the Great returned to Rome and demanded a triumph, then went on to put down a rebellion in Hispania and played a role in ending the Third Servile War, earning himself two triumphs and becoming one of the senior men in Rome.
06:16 Pompey defeated King Mithridates and expanded Roman territories, but faced opposition from the Senate and was approached by Julius Caesar to form an alliance.
08:15 Pompey married Julius Caesar's daughter, Julia, and while Caesar was in Gaul, Pompey focused on domestic matters in Rome, but tensions between them began to rise after Julia's death and the death of Crassus.
10:17 Caesar crossed the Rubicon and marched to Rome with his army, leading to a military confrontation with Pompey and the Senate, resulting in the Battle of Pharsalis where Pompey's forces outnumbered Caesar's.
12:16 Pompey fled to Egypt after his defeat, but was killed by a Roman mercenary on the orders of the pharaoh, Ptolemy XIII, who hoped to gain favor with Caesar.
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