The Surprising Origins and Strategies of Monopoly

TLDR Monopoly was originally designed as an educational tool to demonstrate the negative effects of property accumulation. It evolved from the Landlord Game and faced initial rejection due to confusing rules and political undertones. The game became a hit after being sold at FAO Schwartz and strategies for winning include going first, buying certain properties, and building houses early.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 The popular board game Monopoly was originally designed to demonstrate why amassing properties is a bad idea, rather than as a way for people to win.
02:43 The origins of Monopoly can be traced back to a game called the Landlord Game, created in 1903 by Lizzie McGee, a Georgist who wanted to demonstrate the effects of rent on property owners and tenants.
04:43 The Landlord Game, which later became Monopoly, had two sets of rules - one where you win by bankrupting others, and another where the game ends when the player with the least money doubles their wealth - and was initially declined by Parker Brothers due to confusing rules and being too political.
06:43 Charles Darrow took the game he played with Charles Todd, called Monopoly, and began selling it with handmade versions of the board and cards until eventually hiring a printer, and after initially being rejected by Milton Bradley and Parker Brothers, they changed their mind after seeing how well it sold at FAO Schwartz over the Christmas season.
08:37 Monopoly became a hit in the UK and France, but was banned in Nazi Germany due to high-ranking officials living on the streets with the highest value in the game.
10:31 The best strategy to increase your odds of winning in Monopoly is to go first, buy as many properties as you can, particularly the orange and red properties, and build at least three houses on each property as soon as possible.
12:27 Monopoly originally started as an educational tool with the opposite goal of what it became, and strategies for winning the game were developed through computer simulations.
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