# The Development and Importance of Calculus in Mathematics and Science

TLDR Calculus, developed in the late 17th century, is a branch of mathematics that deals with functions and is used to solve previously unsolvable problems. It is essential in various disciplines such as engineering, chemistry, physics, economics, biology, and astronomy, and has led to significant scientific discoveries.

### Timestamped Summary

00:00
Calculus was developed in the late 17th century to solve previously unsolvable problems in mathematics and science.

02:12
Calculus is a branch of mathematics that deals with functions, which are equations where you put something in and get something out.

04:21
Functions are a fundamental concept in mathematics and science, and they can be used to model various phenomena, including height and the relationship between x and y in a parabola.

06:23
Differential calculus is used to link position, velocity, and acceleration, with velocity being the derivative of position and acceleration being the derivative of velocity.

08:28
Integral calculus is used to determine the area under a curve or the volume of an object by adding up an infinite number of smaller objects, a technique that was first developed by Archimedes over 2,000 years ago and relies on the concept of a limit to overcome the problem of infinity.

10:21
Derivatives and integrals are related and are the basis of all calculus, allowing for solving problems such as determining the rate at which water drains from a tank or calculating the fuel requirements for launching something into space.

12:11
Calculus is essential in various disciplines such as engineering, chemistry, physics, economics, biology, and astronomy, and the development of calculus in the 18th and 19th centuries led to significant scientific discoveries.