The Rise of the Nazis in Germany: From the Great Depression to Hitler's Chancellorship

TLDR The rise of the Nazis in Germany was fueled by the Great Depression, street fights with communists, and Hitler's appeal to young men seeking excitement and purpose. After a series of political miscalculations and power struggles, Hitler eventually becomes chancellor with the support of President Hindenburg and Franz von Papen.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 This episode explores the rise of the Nazis in Germany, focusing on the Great Depression, street fights between the Nazis and communists, and Hitler's eventual rise to power.
05:19 The Great Depression in Germany, along with the appeal of the Nazis' mythology and the sense of drama and violence they offered, contributed to their rise in power.
10:11 The rise of the Nazis was fueled by young men seeking excitement, belonging, and a sense of purpose, as well as the antagonism between the communists and the social democrats.
14:57 The Weimar Republic falls apart and President Hindenburg, along with the army generals, seize the opportunity to establish an authoritarian regime ruled by emergency decree, led by Heinrich Bruning, a conservative and reactionary figure who restricts press freedom and implements deflationary economic policies.
19:52 In the autumn of 1930, Chancellor Bruning asks President Hindenburg to dissolve the Reichstag and call for an election, believing that the German people would never vote for the Nazis, but this decision proves to be a miscalculation as the Nazis gain significant support and become the big winners in the election.
24:43 The Nazis gain significant support in the Reichstag, aligning their strategy of street violence with their political actions, causing the Weimar Republic to seriously decline and leading to the death of Weimar.
29:33 In the presidential election, Hitler gets 37% of the votes and Hindenburg gets 53%, but Hitler's strong showing indicates that the wind is in the Nazi sails and there is a sense of anger and desperation for something new.
34:36 Hindenburg chooses Franz von Papen as the new chancellor, a wealthy and well-connected aristocrat who is very different from Hitler, and together with General Schleicher, they persuade President Hindenburg to dissolve the Reichstag and call for new elections, despite the repeated mistakes made in the past.
39:09 In an attempt to avoid alarming the public and provoking civil war, Hindenburg and von Papen lift the ban on stormtroopers marching openly, leading to violent clashes with the Communist Red Front and the police losing control, and von Papen seizes control of the state government of Prussia, effectively getting rid of the Social Democrats and dealing a mortal blow to the Weimar Republic.
43:34 The Nazis double their vote in the election, becoming the biggest single party in the Reichstag, but Hitler refuses to enter government as anyone else's partner and instead has secret talks with General Schleicher about becoming chancellor, which ultimately fail, leading to Hitler's big depression.
48:29 The Nazis drop in popularity and lose seats in the election, causing political stasis and factionalism, with Papen and Schleicher vying for power, but ultimately, the Hindenburg circle decides to talk to the Nazis and considers putting Papen back in as chancellor with a conservative cabinet.
53:14 Hitler strikes a deal with Papen and Hindenburg, becoming chancellor with Papen as his deputy, and continues to promote the Nazi image through theatrical spectacles.
Categories: History

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