The Rise and Tactics of Clive of India in the East India Company

TLDR Clive of India, a skilled and strategic leader, used unconventional tactics to rise to power in the East India Company. The company's success in India was due to their military revolution, ability to train and pay local soldiers, borrowing money from Indian bankers to buy mercenaries, and taking advantage of the dire conditions of Bengali weavers.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 Robert Clive, known as Clive of India, was a skilled and strategic leader who used unconventional tactics to defeat his opponents and rise to power in the East India Company.
04:51 The East India Company, despite being a small operation with only 35 employees in the head office and 250 white men in India, was able to come into a country vastly outnumbered and seize valuable real estate due to the military revolution and new techniques of warfare that the Europeans had, as well as their ability to train and pay local soldiers.
09:22 The East India Company borrowed money from Indian bankers to buy Indian mercenaries, creating enmity between different parts of the country and leading to regional unity rather than political unity in India.
13:53 The East India Company takes advantage of the dire conditions of Bengali weavers, forcing them to produce large amounts of cloth and leading to some weavers cutting off their own thumbs, while the company focuses on stripping India of its resources and sending them back to England.
18:14 After the Battle of Bucks, the East India Company realizes they no longer need to send money from England to India, instead they tax the locals and use the profits to buy goods, including opium, which leads to a devastating famine in Bengal with an estimated three to five million deaths.
22:57 The East India Company continues to forcibly collect taxes from starving families during the famine in Bengal, leading to whistleblowers and public backlash, but the shareholders still vote for an increase in dividends at the annual General Meeting.
27:13 The famine in Bengal leads to public backlash and financial losses for the East India Company, causing a run on banks and a financial crisis.
31:30 In 1773, the Regulating Act is passed, which allows the state to have control over the East India Company and marks the beginning of the state's involvement in British imperialism in India.
35:55 Warren Hastings, the governor of Bengal, is put on trial by parliament in 1784, but surprises everyone with his thin and ascetic appearance, rather than the expected flamboyant image, and is locked in political combat with Philip Francis, who is determined to bring him down.
40:48 Warren Hastings, despite being portrayed as a corrupt and evil figure, is actually a more civilized and scholarly character who brings elements of civilization, learning, and accountability to India under his rule as governor of Bengal.
45:40 The East India Company ultimately prevails in India due to its control over the richest province, Bengal, which allows it to generate more revenue and maintain larger armies, as well as its constant support from bankers who provide a line of credit for emergencies.
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The Rise and Tactics of Clive of India in the East India Company

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