The Rise and Fall of Cahokia: An Advanced Pre-Columbian Settlement in North America

TLDR Cahokia, the largest pre-Columbian settlement in North America, was a thriving and advanced civilization during the Mississippian culture. However, it eventually declined and was abandoned, possibly due to factors such as flooding, climate change, or raids, leading the people to migrate and become local native tribes in the Midwest.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 Cahokia is the largest pre-Columbian settlement in North America.
02:23 The Mississippian culture, which existed in what is now the Central and Southeastern United States, is considered an advanced civilization despite not leaving behind monumental structures like the Maya or Aztecs.
04:19 Cahokia, located at the confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, was a significant and large settlement during the Mississippian culture, reaching its peak around the 11th century.
06:27 Cahokia was a large settlement with a population of 10,000 to 40,000 people, comparable in size to London or Rome, but it fell into decline and was abandoned by 1350.
08:25 Monks Mound, the largest earthwork at Cahokia, was built in phases over a period of decades or centuries and is believed to have been either a temple or the home of the leader of Cahokia, and there are other smaller mounds and a series of concentric circles called Woodhenge that were used for astronomical purposes.
10:27 An analysis of teeth and artifacts found at Cahokia suggests that a geographically diverse group of people lived or visited the site, possibly due to its location as a regional trading center and a site for important religious rituals.
12:28 The decline of Cahokia may have been caused by flooding, climate change, or raids, but regardless, the people eventually migrated and became local native tribes in the Midwest.
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