The Evolution and Importance of Copper Throughout History

TLDR Copper has been used by humans for thousands of years, evolving from tools to jewelry, utensils, and coinage. It has remained an important metal for art, ornaments, and coins, and has become a vital resource in modern times for electrical wiring, devices, and various applications. Copper is also an essential trace element for plants and animals, but can be toxic in high amounts.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 Copper was likely the first metal used by humans and its uses have evolved significantly throughout history.
02:35 Copper was likely the first metal used by humans due to its native form, malleability, and low melting point, and evidence of Copper working dates back thousands of years in various regions around the world.
04:28 The use of Copper changed from tools to jewelry, utensils, cookware, and coinage, with Copper being used for small value coins due to its abundance, leading to the production of 15,000 tons of Copper per year by the Romans.
06:23 Copper remained an important metal used in art, ornaments, and coins, with the Copper Mine in Falun, Sweden supplying two-thirds of all Copper in Europe for centuries and funding wars fought by Sweden in the 17th century, and Copper's heat and electrical conductivity made it extremely valuable during the Industrial Revolution.
08:16 Copper became a vital strategic resource in the late 19th century due to its use in electrical wiring, telegraph terminals, electrical devices, and heat sinks.
10:08 Copper's corrosion resistance, biostatic properties, and antibacterial qualities make it a valuable material for various applications, including cookware, roofing, ship hulls, and hospital fixtures.
12:05 Copper is an essential trace element for plants and animals, with symptoms of deficiency including tiredness, anemia, and memory issues, but it is also possible to experience Copper toxicity.
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