The Conquests and Legacy of Alexander the Great

TLDR Alexander the Great, through his conquests and armies, fundamentally changed the map of the ancient world. Despite facing challenges and difficulties, he achieved victory over the Persians and established a vast empire that spread Greek culture throughout the ancient world.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 Alexander the Great fundamentally changed the map of the ancient world through his conquests and armies.
02:16 Alexander the Great, son of Philip II, became King of Macedon at the age of twenty and inherited the task of conquering and unifying Greece.
04:21 Alexander the Great crossed the Helispont and marched into Asia Minor, where he achieved immediate success by defeating the Persians at the Battle of Granicus River, despite being vastly outnumbered.
06:44 After achieving victory at the Battle of Issus, Alexander the Great marched south, laid siege to the city of Tyre, and then proceeded to Gaza and Egypt.
08:48 In Egypt, Alexander the Great founded the city of Alexandria and began identifying himself as the son of Zeus Amon, a combination of Greek and Egyptian, before heading into what is now Iraq and engaging in the Battle of Gaugamela, where he defeated Darius and became the new leader of the Persian Empire.
10:56 Alexander the Great's ambition to continue expanding east was halted by his own troops, who were tired and wanted to return home, and his march back to Persia was plagued with difficulties, including battles, desert conditions, and the need to execute abusive officials left behind to run the empire.
13:00 Alexander the Great died at the age of 32, leaving no successor, and his empire was divided into four successor states controlled by his top generals, which spread Greek culture throughout the ancient world.
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