The Carrington Event: A Historic Solar Flare and its Potential Modern-Day Consequences

TLDR In 1859, the Carrington Event caused widespread auroras and disrupted telegraph systems, highlighting the potential threat of a massive coronal mass ejection from the Sun. If such an event were to occur today, it could lead to worldwide power surges, damage to satellites and electrical grids, and take years to recover from.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 On September 1st and 2nd of 1859, a rare event called the Carrington event occurred, causing auroras to be seen worldwide and potentially posing a significant threat to modern society if it were to happen again.
01:48 On September 1st and 2nd, 1859, two amateur astronomers observed the first recorded solar flare in human history, which was followed by unusual aurora activity and a massive geomagnetic storm.
03:39 The Carrington Event caused bright lights in the sky, waking up miners, birds, and causing some people to think it was the end of the world.
05:09 Telegraph systems all over North America and Europe went dead, with huge electrical currents flowing through the wires, causing injuries and equipment malfunctions.
06:43 A massive coronal mass ejection from the Sun can cause a geomagnetic storm, which can lead to spectacular auroras and wreak havoc on electronics, as demonstrated by similar events in history.
08:26 In the event of a massive coronal mass ejection, there would be a worldwide power surge that could take down satellites, electrical grids, and communication networks, and it would take years to rebuild the grid after such an event.
09:56 A Carrington-level event, which occurs about once every 500 years, is inevitable and could cause trillions of dollars in damage, so it is crucial to prepare for the aftermath of a geomagnetic storm.
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