The Remarkable Life of William Marshall, the Greatest Knight in History

TLDR William Marshall, born in 1146, rose from humble beginnings to become the greatest knight in history. He never lost a tournament, served as the de facto ruler of England, and left behind a legacy of valor and chivalry.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 William Marshall was the greatest knight in history, never losing a tournament and eventually becoming the King of England in all but name.
02:01 Knighthood in medieval Europe was an institution for the aristocratic or upper class, requiring years of training, significant money, and a religious ceremony, and knights would often compete in tournaments to display their combat abilities.
03:39 William Marshall, born in 1146, was a minor baron's fourth son who became known as the greatest knight in history, and as a child, he was taken hostage during a siege but his father refused to surrender and told the king to go ahead and hang him because he could forge more and better sons.
05:18 William Marshall, after being taken hostage as a child, was educated at the royal court, trained to become a knight, and excelled in tournaments, significantly increasing his wealth.
06:52 William Marshall, after being captured and then ransomed by a French knight, served as a tutor to Henry II's son, competed in tournaments across Europe, was accused of adultery but cleared, fulfilled a vow to fight in the Holy Land, supported Henry II in a revolt against Richard the Lionheart, and famously dismounted Richard in single combat.
08:26 William Marshall became the first Earl of Pembroke, had a large family, became one of the richest men in England, served on the Regency Council, led a successful military campaign at the age of 50, remained loyal to King John during the uprising, and became the de facto ruler of England as the protector and regent for Henry III.
10:13 William Marshall, the greatest knight in history, passed away at the age of 72, fulfilling his promise to the Knights Templar, and was buried in the Templar Church in London, leaving behind a legacy of never losing a tournament, ransoming over 500 knights, and being proclaimed the greatest knight in history by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
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