The History of Slavery: From Zanzibar to Modern Times

TLDR This podcast episode explores the history of slavery from the Arab slave traders in Zanzibar to the ongoing issue of modern slavery, touching on topics such as the role of Islam, the Portuguese slave trade, and the use of slave labor by the Nazis during World War II.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 The history of Zanzibar and the Arab slave traders, specifically Tipu Tip, who organized slaving raids in East Africa and brought slaves back to Zanzibar.
04:07 Slavery continued in the Gulf until the 1960s and 70s, even as it was being abolished in other parts of the world, and there were certain forms of slavery that were permissible under Islam, making it unlikely that Islam played a significant role in the abolition of slavery.
08:16 The debate around reparations for slavery is complex and raises questions about where to draw the line, whether it should be for individuals or countries, and how to quantify and enforce it, with the Netherlands choosing to commit government funds towards restoration work in former Dutch colonies as a way of addressing the issue.
11:56 The Portuguese had a significant role in the slave trade, being the biggest slavers and inventing the middle passage, and even after the English abolished the slave trade, there was still a massive slaving operation between Mozambique and Brazil, with the Portuguese shipping two and a half million slaves from 1800 to 1850.
16:00 There were still large-scale slaving operations in Portuguese territories as late as the 1840s, with high mortality rates and a law forbidding slavery that was only for the English to see.
19:45 The African slave population in Britain was much smaller compared to North America, and while there was still racism and danger for black people in Britain, there was never legal segregation like in the US.
23:33 The Nazis used slave labor during World War II, with the goal of eradicating the Jewish population, and while there are differences between forced labor and slavery, both are horrific and involve the ownership and exploitation of people.
27:09 The speaker discusses their irritation with historical fiction and their preference for knowing what actually happened, but mentions a few historical films they enjoyed, such as "Lawrence of Arabia" and "Dr. Shivago."
30:36 The speaker discusses the ongoing issue of modern slavery, specifically focusing on the enslavement of Yazidi women by the Islamic State.
Categories: History

The History of Slavery: From Zanzibar to Modern Times

71. Nazis, reparations, and laws 'just for the English to see'
by Empire

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