The History and Significance of the Colosseum in Rome

TLDR The Colosseum, commissioned by Emperor Vespasian, was a massive amphitheater used for games and gladiatorial contests. It has undergone damage, repurposing, and restoration over the years, and is now a popular tourist attraction and one of the new Seven Wonders of the World.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 The Colosseum, the world's largest amphitheater, was commissioned by Emperor Vespasian and used for games and gladiatorial contests.
01:56 The Colosseum was funded by Emperor Vespasian using the loot taken from the Siege of Jerusalem.
03:39 The Colosseum was built between 70 and 72 AD with an estimated 60,000 to 100,000 workers, including slaves, and had a seating arrangement with different tiers for different social classes.
05:24 The Colosseum had a wooden floor covered in sand, with a network of tunnels called the Hypogeum underneath, which allowed gladiators, animals, and even elephants to enter the arena.
07:06 The Colosseum was actively used for about 400 years, experienced damage from fires and earthquakes, and was eventually repurposed as a church, homes, and shops, while also being used as a quarry for limestone.
08:48 Efforts have been made to preserve what remains of the Colosseum, including major restorations in the last 30 years, and future plans for a new retractable wooden floor in the arena.
10:31 The Colosseum is now one of the top tourist attractions in Rome, receiving 7.6 million visitors in 2019, and it has been named one of the new Seven Wonders of the World.
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