The History and Demise of the Walled City of Kowloon in Hong Kong

TLDR The Walled City of Kowloon was a densely populated and lawless area in Hong Kong, known for attracting organized crime. Despite its challenges, the city was eventually demolished and replaced with the Kowloon Walled City Park, but remnants of its atmosphere can still be experienced at the Chongqing Mansion.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 The walled city of Kowloon in Hong Kong was one of the most densely populated and lawless places in history, attracting organized crime.
01:56 The Walled City of Kowloon was a fort that became a Chinese-controlled exclave surrounded by British Hong Kong when modern Hong Kong was established.
03:40 The British invaded the Walled City in 1899, but it was mostly a tourist attraction until it was demolished in 1933.
05:06 The Walled City became a haven for refugees and organized crime, leading to overcrowding and a construction boom with no building codes or regulations.
06:43 The Walled City of Kowloon had a high crime rate, but the majority of residents were not involved in criminal activities and supported the police raids, and by 1983 the crime was under control, despite the challenges of living in a noisy, crowded, and poorly serviced area.
08:23 In 1983, the British and Chinese announced their plan to tear down the Walled City and build a park on the site, which took nine months to evict everyone and a year to demolish, and today the Kowloon Walled City Park stands in its place.
10:01 The Walled City of Kowloon is long gone, but you can get a taste of what it was like by visiting the Chongqing Mansion on Nathan Road in Kowloon, which is an enormous building with guest houses, restaurants, residences, and shops, although it is not comparable to the Walled City.
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