The Development and Function of the Internal Combustion Engine

TLDR The internal combustion engine, developed over a century, converts combustion into work through a series of four strokes. It requires solving various engineering problems and relies on vital systems such as fuel-air mixture, clean air, ignition, lubrication, and cooling to function properly.

Timestamped Summary

00:00 The internal combustion engine was developed incrementally over a century, and it is distinct from a motor in that it converts combustion into work.
01:34 The internal combustion engine relies on the combustion of fuel and subsequent expansion of hot gas, making it more difficult to engineer than a steam engine, and the modern internal combustion engine was developed by Nicholas Otto who defined the Otto cycle.
02:55 The internal combustion engine operates through a series of four strokes - intake, compression, combustion, and exhaust - which are facilitated by the movement of pistons connected to a crankshaft.
04:21 The internal combustion engine requires solving various engineering problems, such as creating a fuel-air mixture, obtaining clean air, and igniting the mixture using a spark plug.
05:50 The internal combustion engine requires motor oil for lubrication, a muffler to reduce noise, and an electrical system with a battery and generator to power the spark plug and starter.
07:14 Internal combustion engines are inefficient, with most automobiles having an efficiency of around 20%, and the excess energy is converted to heat, which requires a cooling system to prevent damage to the engine.
08:40 The engine cooling system, along with other vital systems such as lubrication, air intake, fuel injection, and electrical systems, are all necessary for the internal combustion engine to function properly.
Categories: History Education

Browse more History